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Birth and Employment Transitions of Women in Turkey: Conflicting or Compatible Roles?

Ayşe Abbasoğlu Özgören, Banu Ergöçmen and Aysit Tansel

Abstract:
The relationship between fertility and employment among women is a challenging topic that requires further exploration, especially for developing countries where the micro and macro evidence fails to paint a clear picture. This study analyzes the two-way relationship between women’s employment and fertility in Turkey using a hazard approach with piece-wise constant exponential modelling, using data from the 2008 Turkey Demographic and Health Survey. To the best of the authors’ knowledge, this is the first study that makes use of an event history analysis to analyze this relationship within a developing country context. Specifically, a separate analysis is made of the association between the employment statuses of women in their first, second, third, and fourth and higher order conceptions, and the association of fertility and its various dimensions with entry and exit from employment. The findings suggest that a two-way negative association exists between fertility and employment among women in Turkey, with increasing intensities identified among some groups of women. Our findings also cast light on how contextual changes related to the incompatibility of the roles of worker and mother have transformed the fertility-employment relationship in Turkey, in line with propositions of the role incompatibility hypothesis.

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2017

  • 17/17 Unemployment Invariance Hypothesis, Added and Discouraged Worker Effects in Canada?
    Aysit Tansel and Zeynel Abidin Ozdemir

  • 17/16 Birth and Employment Transitions of Women in Turkey: Conflicting or Compatible Roles?
    Ayşe Abbasoğlu Özgören , Banu Ergöçmen and Aysit Tansel

  • 17/15 EDUCATION EFFECTS ON DAYS HOSPITALIZED AND DAYS OUT OF WORK BY GENDER: EVIDENCE FROM TURKEY
    Aysit Tansel and Halil İbrahim Keskin

  • 17/14 MONETARY POLICY TRILEMMA, INFLATION TARGETING AND GLOBAL FINANCIAL CRISIS
    Eda Gülşen and Erdal Özmen

  • 17/13 Do emigrants self-select along cultural traits? Evidence from the MENA countries
    Frederic Docquier , Aysit Tansel and Riccardo Turati

  • 17/12 When should bidders learn reserve prices?
    Onur A. Koska and Frank Stähler

  • 17/11 The Economics of Vendor Bids
    Onur A. Koska , Ilke Onur and Frank Stähler

  • 17/10 The Effects of Compulsory Schooling Laws on Teenage Marriage and Births in Turkey
    Murat G. Kırdar , Meltem Dayıoğlu and İsmet Koç

  • 17/09 Long Memory in Turkish Unemployment Rates
    Luis A. Gil-Alana , Zeynel Abidin Ozdemir and Aysıt Tansel

  • 17/08 Analyzing Wage Differentials by Fields of Study: Evidence from Turkey
    Antonio Di Paolo and Aysıt Tansel

  • 17/07 Political Economy, Firm Survival and Entrepreneurship in Turkey: The Case of the Wealth Tax (1942)
    Seven Ağır and Cihan Artunç

  • 17/06 An Integrated General Equilibrium Model for Evaluating Demographic, Social and Economic Impacts of Transport Policies
    Özhan Yılmaz and Ebru Voyvoda

  • 17/05 Labour Market Policies and the Informal Sector: A Segmented Labour Markets Analysis
    Dürdane Şirin Saracoğlu

  • 17/04 Trade and Commodity Taxes as Environmental Instruments in an Open Economy
    Onur A. Koska, Frank Stähler, and Onur Yeni

  • 17/03 Intertemporal CGE Analysis of Income Distribution in Turkey
    Aykut Mert Yakut and Ebru Voyvoda

  • 17/02 Asymmetric Exchange Rate Policy in Inflation Targeting Developing Countries
    Ahmet Benlialper, Hasan Cömert and Nadir Öcal

  • 17/01 Determinants of Obesity in Turkey: A Quantile Regression Analysis from a Developing Country
    Deniz Karaoğlan and Aysıt Tansel

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