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Socio-Economic Factors Affecting Early Childhood Health: The Case of Turkey

Deniz Karaoğlan and Dürdane Şirin Saracoğlu

Abstract:
In this study we examine the association between parents’ socioeconomic status (SES) and childhood health in Turkey, a middle income, developing country using the 2013 round of Demographic Health Survey (DHS) data set. In our investigation, we focus on children from 7 to 59 months old and as a measure of health status, we use the height-for-age z-score, which is the measure of stunting and wasting. In order to overcome the biases with respect to age and gender, we calculate the child’s standardized height measure. Using classical regression techniques, after controlling for the child’s birth order, birth weight, mother’s height, mother’s breastfeeding, nutrition status and pre-school attendance, the impact of parent’s SES on child’s health measures is assessed, and parents’ SES indicators include region of residence, number of household members, father’s presence, parents’ education and work status, and household wealth index based on the household’s asset holdings. Our results indicate that while mother’s education and occupation type are among the leading factors that affect the child’s health status, urban residence appears to be the dominant factor which positively affects child’s health: SES of families proxied by living conditions and infrastructure factors such as sanitation, access to clean water, availability of electricity, which are under the control of local governments, as well as access to health care services must be improved for better child health.

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2016

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    Deniz Karaoğlan and Dürdane Şirin Saracoğlu

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  • 16/12 A Consumer-Surplus Standard in Merger Approvals, Foreign Direct Investment, and Welfare
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  • 16/11 The Scope of Auctions in the Presence of Downstream Interactions and Information Externalities
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  • 16/10 Participation of Turkey in Global Value Chains: An Analysis Based on World Input Output Database
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  • 16/09 Real Exchange Rates and Growth
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  • 16/08 Disability and Labor Force Participation: Evidence from Turkish Males
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  • 16/07 Does Unemployment Invariance Hypothesis Hold for Canada?
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  • 16/06 The Causal Effect of Education on Health Behaviors: Evidence from Turkey
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  • 16/05 Early Childhood Development and Human Capital Formation: The Case of Turkey in Global Perspective
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  • 16/04 Empirical Investigation of Purchasing Power Parity for Turkey: Evidence from Recent Nonlinear Unit Root Tests
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  • 16/03 Estimating Cost Efficiency of Turkish Commercial Banks under Unobserved Heterogeneity with Stochastic Frontier Models
    Hakan Güneş and Dilem Yıldırım

  • 16/02 The Foreign Direct Investment as a Signal
    Onur A. Koska, Ngo Van Long and Frank Stähler

  • 16/01 The Feldstein-Horioka Puzzle in the Presence of Structural Breaks: Evidence from China
    Dilem Yıldırım and Ethem Erdem Orman

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