ERC Homepage ERC Homepage
ERC Lectures in Economics
ERC Working Papers
Executive Committee
About ERC
METU Home Page
Department of Economics


The Causal Effect of Education on Health Behaviors: Evidence from Turkey

Aysıt Tansel and Deniz Karaoğlan

This study provides causal effect of education on health behaviors in Turkey which is a middle income developing country. Health Survey of the Turkish Statistical Institute for the years 2008, 2010 and 2012 are used. The health behaviors considered are smoking, alcohol consumption, fruit and vegetable consumption, exercising and one health outcome namely, the body mass index (BMI). We examine the causal effect of education on these health behaviors and the BMI Instrumental variable approach is used in order to address the endogeneity of education to health behaviors. Educational expansion of the early 1960s is used as the source of exogenous variation in years of schooling. Our main findings are as follows. Education does not significantly affect the probability of smoking or exercising. The higher the education level the higher the probability of alcohol consumption and the probability of fruit and vegetable consumption. Higher levels of education lead to higher BMI levels. This study provides a baseline for further research on the various aspects of health behaviors in Turkey.

Full Text (in Adobe Acrobat format)


  • 16/14 Socio-Economic Factors Affecting Early Childhood Health: The Case of Turkey
    Deniz Karaoğlan and Dürdane Şirin Saracoğlu

  • 16/13 Finansal Küreselleşme Sürecinde Türkiye’de Para Politikalarının Evrimi, 1980-2014
    Hasan Cömert ve Oktar Türel

  • 16/12 A Consumer-Surplus Standard in Merger Approvals, Foreign Direct Investment, and Welfare
    Onur A. Koska

  • 16/11 The Scope of Auctions in the Presence of Downstream Interactions and Information Externalities
    Onur A. Koska , İlke Onur and Frank Stähler

  • 16/10 Participation of Turkey in Global Value Chains: An Analysis Based on World Input Output Database
    Ceren Gündoğdu and Dürdane Şirin Saracoğlu

  • 16/09 Real Exchange Rates and Growth
    Duygu Yolcu Karadam and Erdal Özmen

  • 16/08 Disability and Labor Force Participation: Evidence from Turkish Males
    Burcu Düzgün Öncel and Deniz Karaoğlan

  • 16/07 Does Unemployment Invariance Hypothesis Hold for Canada?
    Aysıt Tansel, Zeynel Abidin Özdemir and Emre Aksoy

  • 16/06 The Causal Effect of Education on Health Behaviors: Evidence from Turkey
    Aysıt Tansel and Deniz Karaoğlan

  • 16/05 Early Childhood Development and Human Capital Formation: The Case of Turkey in Global Perspective
    Dürdane Şirin Saracoğlu and Deniz Karaoğlan

  • 16/04 Empirical Investigation of Purchasing Power Parity for Turkey: Evidence from Recent Nonlinear Unit Root Tests
    Dilem Yıldırım

  • 16/03 Estimating Cost Efficiency of Turkish Commercial Banks under Unobserved Heterogeneity with Stochastic Frontier Models
    Hakan Güneş and Dilem Yıldırım

  • 16/02 The Foreign Direct Investment as a Signal
    Onur A. Koska, Ngo Van Long and Frank Stähler

  • 16/01 The Feldstein-Horioka Puzzle in the Presence of Structural Breaks: Evidence from China
    Dilem Yıldırım and Ethem Erdem Orman

  • 2017 2016 2015 2014 2013 2012 2011 2010 2009 2008 2007 2006 2005 2004 2003 2002 2001 2000 1999 1998 1997 1996