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Early Childhood Development and Human Capital Formation: The Case of Turkey in Global Perspective

Dürdane Şirin Saracoğlu and Deniz Karaoğlan

Abstract:
Drawing on cognitive science, child psychology, and economics literature, this paper investigates the significance of early child development and the environmental factors that affect early child development. Earlier literature has established that the child’s brain development is almost complete in the first three years of life, and this development is critically affected by the child’s environment, including the family’s socioeconomic status and the availability of early child education and care. The young child requires adequate psycho-stimulation for the optimal development of the brain in the first few years of life, which subsequently helps her accomplish at school and achieve in adulthood. It has been emphasized in the literature that in order for all young children start life at an equal footing, governments should provide equal opportunities for early childhood education and care where families are not able to provide. In this paper, we compare and contrast the current status of early child education in Turkey with that of selected developed countries, which have advanced far in early childhood education. Despite the striking evidence on the affirmative effects on the individual as well as the individual’s contributions to social and economic development, early childhood education (particularly up to age three) is not considered to be a priority in the education system in Turkey.

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2016

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  • 16/09 Real Exchange Rates and Growth
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  • 16/06 The Causal Effect of Education on Health Behaviors: Evidence from Turkey
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  • 16/05 Early Childhood Development and Human Capital Formation: The Case of Turkey in Global Perspective
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  • 16/04 Empirical Investigation of Purchasing Power Parity for Turkey: Evidence from Recent Nonlinear Unit Root Tests
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  • 16/03 Estimating Cost Efficiency of Turkish Commercial Banks under Unobserved Heterogeneity with Stochastic Frontier Models
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  • 16/02 The Foreign Direct Investment as a Signal
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  • 16/01 The Feldstein-Horioka Puzzle in the Presence of Structural Breaks: Evidence from China
    Dilem Yıldırım and Ethem Erdem Orman

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