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ERC WORKING PAPERS

Southwest as the New Internal Migration Destination in Turkey

Ali T. Akarca and Aysit Tansel

Abstract:
Antalya and Mugla provinces located in southwestern Turkey have emerged as new magnets for internal migration in the country. Socio-economic, demographic and labor market characteristics of immigrants coming to these two provinces from various regions are studied to uncover the reasons fueling their moves. This is accomplished through an analysis of descriptive statistics, and an analysis of a gravity model estimated. Differences and similarities between immigrants coming to these two provinces and those going to other migrant magnets, between immigrants and natives in Antalya and Mugla, and among immigrants coming to the two provinces from various origins are noted. What distinguishes Antalya and Mugla from other migrant-drawing provinces is that they attract some retirees and university students as well and their immigrants participating in the labor force are attracted mainly by jobs created in the sectors related to tourism, either directly or indirectly, rather than industry. Immigrants from different origins exhibit different characteristics and tend to specialize in different types of jobs. However, as other migrant flows, those directed at Antalya and Mugla are affected by distance adversely and by unemployment differential, past migration and population size at origin, favorably. 

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2015

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  • 15/09 The impacts of the 2008 global financial crisis on developing countries: the case of the 15 most affected countries
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  • 15/05 Southwest as the New Internal Migration Destination in Turkey
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  • 15/04 2002 Sonrası Türkiye Ekonomisinin Performansı: Karşılaştırmalı Bir Analiz
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  • 15/03 Inequality of Opportunities of Educational Achievement in Turkey over Time
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  • 15/02 Unemployment and Labor Force Participation in Turkey
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  • 15/01 Determinants of Transitions across Formal/Informal Sectors in Egypt
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