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Returns to Foreign Language Skills in a Developing Country: The Case of Turkey

Aysit Tansel and Antonio Di Paolo

Abstract:
Foreign language skills represent a form of human capital that can be rewarded in the labor market. Drawing on data from the Adult Education Survey of 2007, this is the first study estimating returns to foreign language skills in Turkey. We contribute to the literature on the economic value of language knowledge, with a special focus on a country characterized by fast economic and social development. Although English is the most widely spoken foreign language in Turkey, we initially consider the economic value of different foreign languages among the employed males aged 25 to 65. We find positive and significant returns to proficiency in English and Russian, which increase with the level of competence. Knowledge of French and German also appears to be positively rewarded in the Turkish labor market, although their economic value seems mostly linked to an increased likelihood to hold specific occupations rather than increased earnings within occupations. Focusing on English, we also explore the heterogeneity in returns to different levels of proficiency by frequency of English use at work, birth-cohort, education, occupation and rural/urban location. The results are also robust to the endogenous specification of English language skills.

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2013

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  • 13/11 Returns to Foreign Language Skills in a Developing Country: The Case of Turkey
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  • 13/10-tr Türkiye’de Özel Dershaneler: Yeni Gelismeler ve Dershanelerin Gelecegi
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  • 13/05 Output-Employment Relationship across Sectors:A Long- versus Short-Run Perspective
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  • 13/04 Private Tutoring and the Question of Equitable Opportunities in Turkey
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  • 13/03 Implementation of the Maximum Sustainable Yield under an Age-Structured Model
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  • 13/02 Financial Crises, Financialization of Commodity Markets and Correlation of Agricultural Commodity Index with Precious Metal Index and S&P500
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  • 13/01 Generational Accounting in Turkey
    Damla Haciibrahimoglu and Pinar Derin-Gure
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